Gender Roles and Culture: Female Students’ Interest in Information Technology Major and Career

Graciela Queen Wijaya


Stereotypes has been ingrained in the society for a very long time. According to Daniel Katz and Kenneth Braly (1933), stereotyping guides to racial discrimination just after people respond to a particular group and assign the characteristic of the group emotionally. Cultural expectations have dominated societies around the world, and become an obstacle to women, including in career. However, they start to break down the barriers to show how traditional gender roles belong in the past. Therefore, in college majors, they started to enter the male-dominated majors. This research aims to find out what cultural values do the female students believe related to gender roles and its relationship with their chosen major and career. The theory that will be used is gender roles. A qualitative approach will be used by interviewing and collecting all the data from the students who are majoring in Informatics Engineering and Business Information System (SIB) in Petra Christian University.

Keywords: gender roles, non-traditional career, male-dominated majors, education, career choice

Full Text:



Blackstone, A. (2003). Gender roles and society. In J.R. Miller, R.M. Lerner, & L. B.

Schiamberg (Eds.), Human ecology: an encyclopedia of children, families, communities,

and environments (pp. 335-338). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.

Dicke, A. L., Safavian, N., & Eccles, J. S. (2019). Traditional gender role beliefs and career

attainment in stem: A gendered story? Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1.

Eagly, A. H., Wood, W., & Diekman, A. B. (2000). Social role theory of sex differences and

similarities: A current appraisal. In T. Eckes & H. M. Trautner (Eds.), The developmental

social psychology of gender (pp. 123–174). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Fawkner, H. J. (2012). Body image development – Adult men. Encyclopedia of Body Image and

Human Appearance, 1, 194–200.

Hardiyanto, S. (2020). Berikut 10 pekerjaan paling banyak dicari di Indonesia versi laman


Hedreen, S. (2019). The dangers of gendered jobs. Business News Daily.

Katz, D., & Braly, K.W. (1935). Racial prejudice and racial stereotypes. The Journal of

Abnormal and Social Psychology, 30(2), 175–193.

Morgan, S. L., Gelbgiser, D., & Weeden, K. A. (2013). Feeding the pipeline: Gender,

occupational plans, and college major selection. Social Science Research, 42(4), 989–

Putri, E. (2018). 11 things you should know about Indonesian culture. Culture Trip.

Prentice, D. A., & Carranza, E. (2002). What women should be, shouldn't be, are allowed to be,

and don't have to be: The contents of prescriptive gender stereotypes. Psychology of

Women Quarterly, 26(4), 269–281.

Ramaci, T., Pellerone, M., Ledda, C., Presti, G., Squatrito, V., & Rapisarda, V. (2017). Gender

stereotypes in occupational choice: a cross-sectional study on a group of Italian

adolescents. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 10, 109–117.

Heriyanto, D. (2020). More Indonesian women in labor market, fewer in politics: Gender Gap

Report. The Jakarta Post.

Wendt, J. (2016). Instilling family values. Therapy Changes.

Wiasti, N. M. (2012). Gender dan kesetaraan dan keadilan gender: Studi tentang pengetahuan

dan sikap masyarakat Bali. Jurnal Studi Jender Srikandi.

Windiariska. (2017). Inilah alasan kenapa yang jadi sekretaris itu kebanyakan wanita. 52




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Supported by


Indexed by

Statistic Installed since 17 December 2018
View My Stats