Swear Words Used by The Mobile Legends Game Players

Joshua Fandi(1*), Josefa Juniarti Mardijono(2),

(1) Petra Christian University
(2) Petra Christian University
(*) Corresponding Author


This study is done to analyze the types and functions of swear words used by the Mobile Legends players, and the types of swear words appearing in each function. This Sociolinguistic study is conducted applying the theory of Holmes (2013).  supported by the theories of Montagu (2001) on swear words, Wijana and Rohmadi (2007) for the types of swear words, and (Ljung, 2011) for functions of swear words. Moreover, this study was done by using the qualitative participative method, utilizing the transcribed data that was used in the analysis. The findings revealed that the Mobile Legends players  used six (6) types of swear words: activity, animal, circumstance, part of body, profession, thing. In term of functions, there were eleven (11) functions of swear words: 1)anaphoric use of epithet, 2]expressing high degree of meaning: adjective intensifier, 3)indicating that the speaker dislikes: disliked adjective, 4)giving emphasis on adjective or adverb, 5)interjection: anger, 6)interjection: surprise, 7)interjection: pain, 8)interjection: even joy,  9)interjection: disappointment, 10)interjection: incredulity, and 11)expressing speaker’s wish in order to harm: informal cursing. In addition, there were different types of swear words found in each function.  To conclude, analyzing swear word types, functions, and the relation between types in each function contribute some understanding about the swear words used during the  Mobile Legends game situation.


mobile legends; participative qualitative; swear words; types; and functions

Full Text:



Almajid, M. (2019). Tindak Verbal Abuse dalam Permainan Mobile Legend di Indonesia: Kajian Sosiolinguistik. Tindak Verbal Abuse Dalam Permainan Mobile Legends Di Indonesia: Kajian Sosiolinguistik, 2(2).

Bauer, L. (2013). Introducing Linguistic Morphology (2nd ed.). Georgetown University Press.

Beers-Fägersten, K. (2007). A sociolinguistic analysis of swear word offensiveness. Saarland Working Papers in Linguistics (SWPL)

Cahyani, P. D., & Setiawan, T. (2019). Swearing words on Yowis Ben movie by Fajar Nugros and Bayu Skak. Proceedings of the International Conference on Interdisciplinary Language, Literature and Education

(ICILLE 2018). https://doi.org/10.2991/icille-18.2019.58

F. (2016, February 15). Apa itu Dota 2? | Nge-Dota 2. Nge-Dota 2 | NgeDota Yuk! https://ngedota2.com/apa-itu-dota-2/

Hermawan, A., Rumaf, N., & Putra, T. (2020). Analisis Abreviasi Bahasa Game Online pada Permainan Mobile Legends (Kajian Morfologi) 1(2). https://unimuda.e-journal.id/jurnalbahasaindonesia/article/view/550

Holmes, J. (2013). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics (4th ed.) [E-book]. Routledge.

Triadi, R.B. Penggunaan Makian Bahasa Indonesia pada Media Sosial. Jurnal Sasindo UNPAM, 5(2), 2017, 8-10.

Karjalainen, M. (2002). Where have all the swear words gone? An analysis of the loss of swear words in two Swedish translations of J.D. Salinger’s ‘Catcher in the Rye. Unpublished Pro Graduate Thesis, University of Helsinki.Retrieved on 16 November, 2015, from http://ethesis.helsinki.fi/julkaisut/hum/engla/pg/karjalainen/wherehav.pdf

Ljung, Magnus. (2011). A Cross-Cultural Linguistic Study. London: Palgrave Macmillan

Locher, M. A., & Graham, S. L. (2010). Introduction to interpersonal pragmatics. Berlin: Mouton.

McEnery, T. (2005). Swearing in English: Bad language, purity and power from 1586 to the present. London: Routledge.

Mohr, M. (2013). Holly Sh*t: A brief history of swearing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Montagu, A. (2001). The anatomy of swearing. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania

Pinker, S. (2007). The stuff of thought: Language as a window into human nature. London: Penguin Books.

Spolsky, B. (2003). Sociolinguistics (H. Widdowson, Ed.; 4th ed.). Oxford University Press. https://kupdf.net/download/sociolinguistics-bernard spolskypdf_59b16375dc0d60ac1e568edf_pdf

Yule, G. (2020). The Study of Language (7th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9744/katakita.10.3.539-549


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Supported by:

Indexed in:





Stats (installed since 17 December 2018)
View My Stats