Multimodal Analysis: Revealing Bayu Skak’s Frustration in “Valentine Janc#k” Video

Natasya Evelyn Alamsyah


This qualitative study aimed to know the meaning of an expression especially Bayu’s expressions in this “Valentine Janc#k” video. Expression is something that cannot be separated from a conversation. The expression itself has various meanings; sometimes the same expression can have two or even more meanings. To get the accurate meaning, all aspects within us must work together such as: facial expressions, gesture, and also the choice of words used. Just like what the writer found in this "Valentine Janc#k" video, where Bayu shows an expression like being angry which the writer then follows up to get the accurate meaning. In doing so, the writer uses a multimodal theory which focuses on semiotic modes such as linguistic modes, gestural modes, and visual modes. Then, the writer found out that all of the facial expressions, gestures, and also the setting of the place that the writer analyzes in the video show signs of expression that lead to frustration. When talking about Valentine, Bayu shows an annoyed and unpleasant facial expression, the body movements shown by Bayu also show disinterest in the topic of conversation, as well as a messy viewpoint which describes Bayu's messed feelings for Valentine. The choice of words Bayu uses against Valentine (swear words) also plays a big role in showing the frustration.


Keywords: multimodal, semiotic modes, lingustic modes, gestural modes, visual modes


Full Text:



Aditia, H. (2011). An Analysis of Taboo Words in Swear Words in Dustin Lee Abraham’s How High Movie. Retrieved September 27, 2020, from

Bogart, K. (2016, May 27). Facial expressions are key to first impressions. What does that mean for people with facial paralysis? Retrieved September 20, 2020, from

Edwards, V. (2020, July 10). How to Read People’s Eye Direction and Behavior. Retrieved from,Squinting,what%20they%20do%20not%20like

Jay, T., & Janschewitz, K. (2008). The Pragmatics of Swearing. Journal of Politeness Research, (Swearing), 267–288.

JEWITT, C. A. R. E. Y., & OYAMA, R. U. M. I. K. O. (2004). Visual Meaning: a Social Semiotic Approach. The Handbook of Visual Analysis, 134–156.

Karjalainen, M. (2002). Where have all the swear words gone? An Analysis of the Loss of Swearwords in Two Swedish Translations of J. D. Salinger’s Catcher in the Rye, 1–86. Retrieved from

Montagu, A. (2001). The Anatomy of Swearing. In The Anatomy of Swearing. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Paltridge, B. (2012). Discourse Analysis (2nd ed.). London, New York: Bloomsbury Academic.

Wardhaugh, R., & Fuller, J. M. (2015). An Introduction To Sociolinguistics. West Sussex: Willey Blackwell

Saussure, Ferdinand de. Course in General Linguistics. Edited by Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye, in collaboration with Albert Riedlinger. Translated by Wade Baskin. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1966.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Supported by


Indexed by

Statistic Installed since 17 December 2018
View My Stats